Publishing and reporting Grants and GrantConnect (RMG 421)


This guide is relevant to accountable authorities and officials involved in grants administration in all non-corporate Commonwealth entities (NCEs)1.

Key points

This Resource Management Guide (RMG) sets out the requirements for the publication of grants on GrantConnect and outlines arrangements in relation to additional publication of grants information in other ways.

This guide applies to grants defined under paragraph 2.3 of the Commonwealth Grants Rules and Guidelines 2017 (CGRGs). It does not apply to grants that are excluded from the definition of a grant under paragraph 2.6 of the CGRGs.


This RMG is available on the Department of Finance website.

Other relevant publications include:


Should you have any questions regarding this guide, please contact:

Grants Policy Team

Should you have any questions regarding GrantConnect please contact:

GrantConnect Help Desk
T: 1300 484 145
Intl T: +61 2 6215 2111


  1. Appropriate disclosure and reporting in grants administration are essential to ensure transparency and accountability. Reliable and timely information on grants opportunities and grants awarded helps to provide both the public and Parliament with confidence in the quality and integrity of grants administration.

  2. GrantConnect is the Australian Government’s whole-of-government grants information system, which centralises the publication and reporting of Commonwealth grants in accordance with the( CGRGs. It is available at

  3. In accordance with the CGRGs, this guide sets out the requirements for accountable authorities and officials involved in grants administration.

  4. Non-corporate Commonwealth entities must publish on GrantConnect to meet the grant publishing requirements under the CGRGs.

  5. GrantConnect is the authoritative source of information in relation to all forecast opportunities, grant opportunities, grant opportunity guidelines2 and grants awarded.

Part 1 – Policy

1.1 Grant Opportunity Guidelines

  1. Officials must develop grant opportunity guidelines for all new grant opportunities and revised guidelines where significant changes have been made to grant opportunities. The CGRGs contain a number of requirements with regard to the development and publication of grant opportunity guidelines (see CGRGs paragraphs 4.4 and 5.2).

  • Where grant opportunity guidelines have been in place for a considerable time, officials should review the content and structure of the guidelines to ensure they are consistent with the relevant legislation and the CGRGs.

  • Officials should identify opportunities to appropriately accommodate one-off or ad hoc grants within the structure of a grant program. This will also assist with the requirement to have legal authority for these payments.

  • Finance should be consulted about the need for grant opportunity guidelines for a significant one-off or ad hoc grant, or when officials are considering approving a number of one-off or ad hoc grants for similar purposes, whether in the same round or over a period of time.

  1. Officials may consider developing forecast opportunities prior to publishing grant opportunity guidelines. Forecast opportunities inform the public and grant applicants of possible future grant opportunities.

  2. Finance has developed a whole-of-government grant opportunity guidelines template suite to assist officials. These templates are available from Finance at There are three grant opportunity guidelines templates, targeting:

    • open competitive, open and closed and targeted processes

    • demand driven grants processes, and

    • one-off ad-hoc grants.

  1. Officials should ensure that grant opportunity guidelines align with the CGRG principles, are simple, clear and effectively communicate key information to stakeholders. At a minimum, grant opportunity guidelines should provide potential grant applicants with adequate information to submit a grant application.

    • Officials may consider testing the clarity of grant opportunity guidelines with government and non-government stakeholders prior to their release. The checklist at Attachment A contains further information on grant opportunity guidelines.

  1. Before grant opportunity guidelines are published, entities must ensure they have complied with any Australian Government processes for the approval of new or revised program guidelines.

  2. Accountable authorities and officials must use GrantConnect to publish:

    • all Forecast Opportunities where these have been developed.

    • all grant opportunities and grant opportunity guidelines (except where there is a specific policy reason not to publicise the grant opportunity guidelines; or grants are provided on a one-off or ad hoc basis)

    • any alterations and addenda to Grant Opportunities and Grant Opportunity Guidelines3.

  1. Accountable authorities and officials are encouraged to provide a link to GrantConnect on their website to indicate the transfer of grant advertisements to GrantConnect.

  2. Accountable authorities and officials may use GrantConnect to publish:

    • one-off or ad hoc grant opportunity guidelines, and

    • a URL to an external online application web page relating to a relevant grant opportunity on GrantConnect.

  1. Where accountable authorities and officials have used other mechanisms to notify potential applicants about grant opportunities, such as printed media, the content of the notification must be the same, or be a subset of the information published on GrantConnect. Where there are inconsistencies, GrantConnect is the authoritative source.

1.2 Web-based reporting on grants

  1. The CGRGs contain a number of reporting requirements for grants (see section 5 of the CGRGs).

  2. An entity must report, on GrantConnect, information on individual grants no later than 21 calendar days after the grant agreement for the grant takes effect (date of effect)4.

  3. The approval date for reporting purposes is taken to be the date that the decision-maker (as listed in the Grant Opportunities Guidelines) makes a decision to award a grant. For example, the relevant Minister may receive advice pursuant to paragraph 4.6 of the CGRGs, and then advise the department of his decision of which grantees to approve, with a ‘funding up to $XX’ amount.

  4. Where there is a grant agreement, the start date for reporting purposes is generally taken to be the date the grant agreement is executed. However, if the grant agreement contains a specified date which occurs post-execution, in those instances, the start date for reporting purposes is taken to be the specified post-execution date.

  5. Where there is no grant agreement, officials may decide and document why they have chosen a specific date of effect or start date. The date of effect can be the date of the first payment, the announcement of successful grantees or there may be a planned delayed start for grant projects to coincide with the commencement of the financial year. Whichever date of effect is decided and documented, this should be deemed as the start date for reporting purposes.

    • Officials should adopt a consistent approach for grants awarded in the same grant opportunity.

    • Where the nature of the grant means that a grant agreement is not required, then the 21 calendar days would apply from the relevant date of effect, for example, the date of the first invoice or payment.

  1. Reporting on individual grants awarded includes reporting grant variations, where those variations involve additional payments of relevant money or significant extensions. Reportable variations include:

    • material increases to the dollar value of a grant

    • extension of the grant activity into another financial year, or

    • change in organisation details.

1.3 Reporting on confidentiality provisions

  1. There are generally two broad types of confidentiality related clauses used in grant agreements:

    • general clauses referencing confidentiality requirements in legislation, such as under the Privacy Act 1988, or

    • special confidentiality provisions, which protect the confidentiality of: all or part of the grant agreement; or information obtained or generated in relation to the grant project.

  1. The CGRGs provide that officials must identify whether a grant agreement contains confidentiality provisions. When entities publish information on individual grants awarded, as part of web-based reporting, they must include information identifying whether a grant agreement contains any confidentiality provisions and if so, provide the reasons why they are included. References to requirements in other legislation do not need to be reported. There is no threshold for reporting on confidentiality provisions contained in grant agreements.

  2. For additional information on reporting on confidentiality provisions, officials can draw from information provided for procurement contracts at

1.4 Web-based reporting exemptions

  1. Paragraphs 5.6 and 5.7 of the CGRGs outline exemptions to reporting grants information on GrantConnect.

  2. Where officials assess that publishing grant information, in accordance with the CGRGs could adversely affect the achievement of government policy outcomes, the responsible Minister can seek an exemption from the Finance Minister. The responsible Minister must write to the Finance Minister detailing the rationale for the exemption. Officials should consult the Grants Policy Team ( prior to commencing this process.

Part 2 – Roles and Responsibilities

  1. Accountable authorities and officials are responsible for:

    1. complying with the CGRGs

    2. ensuring that the information they publish on GrantConnect is accurate at the time of reporting, and

    3. complying with the Conditions of Use of the GrantConnect Memorandum of Arrangement.

  1. The Department of Finance is responsible for:

    1. the grants policy framework

    2. the development and maintenance of the GrantConnect system, and

    3. operational and technical support for the GrantConnect system.

Attachment A – Grant guidelines- Better practice checklist

Grant opportunity guidelines should be a single reference point for all potential applicants. They should be clear, consistent and fit for purpose. To assist officials, the list below identifies the type of information that should generally be included in grant guidelines.

This checklist may assist officials to complete the grant opportunity guidelines templates.


Information guidelines should contain



  • Are the purpose, outcomes and objectives of the grant opportunity clearly defined?

  • Do the objectives link to government policy outcomes?


  • Do the guidelines clearly identify the key priorities – e.g. targeted regions?

  • Do the guidelines clearly identify who is eligible to apply – e.g. individuals, specific business structures, other governments, certain groups or industry?

  • Is there anyone who cannot apply for funding?

  • Are there specific eligibility criteria that must be met – e.g. must have an ABN/ACN?

  • Are there cases where the eligibility criteria can be waived?

Application process

  • Do the guidelines list the opening and closing dates for applications? Is it clear if late applications will be accepted, and if so, under what circumstances?

  • Are the methods of applying and lodgement clearly outlined – e.g. email, online, post?

  • Are all relevant forms, templates and other documents included or are there web links to where materials can be found?

  • Do the guidelines identify processes, should a state or territory entity apply? How will these applications be considered?

  • Will applicants need to submit a detailed budget as part of their proposal?

  • Are all the necessary contact details provided to allow applicants to apply?

  • Do the guidelines specify any other attachments that must be included – e.g. letters of support, detailed technical specifications etc?



  • Do the guidelines outline the total funding that is available and over what period of time?

  • Do the guidelines specify how much funding is available per grant or whether there are limitations on the amount that can be applied for? Are there any exemptions?

  • Are the guidelines clear about what items are eligible for funding? Are there items ineligible for funding?

  • Do the guidelines specify timeframes – e.g. are multi-year grants available?

  • Do the guidelines discuss any relevant tax implications – e.g. whether goods and services tax applies?



Information guidelines should contain

Grant agreement

  • What are the terms and conditions that recipients would need to comply with – e.g. is there an example grant agreement? Will the terms and conditions be varied for different types of organisations, such as state government entities?

  • What are the record keeping, reporting and acquittal requirements that recipients would need to comply with?

  • How will the grant be monitored? Are there any performance reporting requirements recipients would need to comply with? Will there be milestone payments?

  • What is the process where recipients fail to meet obligations?

Selection process

  • Do the guidelines clearly outline the selection process – e.g. open competitive, targeted, open or closed non-competitive, demand-driven selection (See CGRGs para 13.11)?

  • Do the guidelines detail the selection criteria against which eligible applications will be assessed?

  • Do the guidelines specify what applicants need to address for each of the selection criteria? Do word limits apply?

  • Do the guidelines detail the weighting attached to each assessment criterion? Do applicants have to successfully address all assessment criteria?

  • Do the guidelines state how value with relevant money considerations will be taken into account in the awarding of grants?

  • Is an external advisory panel used to provide input? If so, which and what type of bodies or industries are on it?

Decision making

  • Are the roles and responsibilities of all parties clearly defined? What roles do the entity and minister have? What role do external experts have?

  • Is the assessment made by a panel? If so, who comprises the panel?

  • Do the guidelines discuss conflict of interest, bias and associated obligations on officials and applicants, and how these will be managed?

  • Do the guidelines identify who will make recommendations – e.g. officials, independent subject matter experts?

  • Who will be the ultimate decision maker – e.g. the minister, accountable authority or a delegate?


  • How will the successful and unsuccessful applicants be advised?

  • What are the feedback and complaint handling mechanisms? Do the guidelines set out the avenues of appeal?

  • Do the guidelines discuss how the grant activity or grant program will be evaluated?

  • Do the guidelines discuss the Privacy Act 1988 and associated obligations on officials and applicants?

  • Are program specific issues, such as the provision of equipment or premises by the Commonwealth clearly explained?

  • Do the guidelines set out any additional requirements, such as relevant qualifications for grant recipient staff or applicable legislation?


Appendix 1 – Glossary of terms

accountable authority see subsection 12(2) of the PGPA Act.

application process refers to the steps that must be by followed potential grantees to be considered for a grant. It includes the forms, and written documentation, which contain eligibility and any assessment criteria to be satisfied.

assessment criteria are the specified principles or standards, against which applications will be judged. These criteria are also used to assess the merits of proposals and, in the case of a competitive grant opportunity, to determine application rankings.

Commonwealth Grants Rules and Guidelines 2017 (CGRGs) establish the overarching Commonwealth grants policy framework within which entities develop their own specific grants administration practices. They also articulate the expectations for all non-corporate Commonwealth entities in relation to grants administration.

eligibility criteria refer to the mandatory criteria which must be met to qualify for a grant. Assessment criteria may apply in addition to eligibility criteria.

entity means a Commonwealth entity and includes a Department of State, a Parliamentary Department, a listed entity or a body corporate established by a law of the Commonwealth (see section 8 of the PGPA Act).

forecast opportunity refers to a notice published on GrantConnect that provides an indication to the public that there is a planned grant opportunity that may become available in the near future. All forecast opportunities are subject to revision, withdrawal or cancellation. Information about forecast opportunities is provided to alert potential grant applicants of upcoming opportunities and to assist in their application planning.

grant is defined by CGRGs paragraph 2.3 as: an arrangement for the provision of financial assistance by the Commonwealth or on behalf of the Commonwealth:

  1. under which relevant money or other CRF money is to be paid to a grantee other than the Commonwealth; and

  2. which is intended to help address one or more of the Australian Government’s policy outcomes while assisting the grantee achieve its objectives

grant activity(ies) refers to the project/tasks/services that the grantee is required to undertake.

grants administration is the processes that an entity undertakes to achieve Government policy outcomes through grants. It includes: planning and design; selection and decision-making; the making of a grant; the management of grant agreements; the ongoing relationship with grantees; reporting; and review and evaluation.

GrantConnect is the Australian Government’s whole-of-government grants information system, which centralises the publication and reporting of Commonwealth grants in accordance with the CGRGs.

grant opportunity refers to the specific grant round or process where a Commonwealth grant is made available to potential grantees. Grant opportunities may be open or targeted, and will reflect the relevant grant selection process.

grant opportunity guidelines refers to a document(s) containing the relevant information required for potential grantees to understand: the purpose, outcomes and objectives of a grant; the application and assessment process; the governance arrangements (including roles and responsibilities); and the operation of the grant. Grant opportunity guidelines include related documents, such as the application guidelines and forms, invitations to apply, supporting documentation, frequently asked questions, draft grant agreements, and any templates for reporting or acquittals.

officials means officials of a Commonwealth entity. An official of a Commonwealth entity is an individual who is in, or forms part of the entity (see section 8 of the PGPA Act).

one-off or ad hoc grants – generally do not involve planned selection processes, but are instead designed to meet a specific need, often due to urgency or other circumstances. These grants are generally not available to a range of grantees or on an ongoing basis.

selection criteria comprise eligibility criteria and assessment criteria.

selection process is the method used to select potential grantees. This process may involve comparative assessment of applications or the assessment of applications against the eligibility criteria and/or the assessment criteria.


1 Any Corporate Commonwealth Entities interested in using GrantConnect should contact

2 See Glossary of Terms

3 Alterations and addenda include but are not limited to: corrections to currently published documents, changes to close times for applications, Questions and Answers (Q&A) documents and Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) documents.

4 Exemptions to these requirements are detailed under section 5.6 and section 5.7 of the CGRGs.

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